Western Ghats are a chain of mountains 1600 km long, covering an area of around 1,60,000 sq. km., stretching along the Indian west coast, from south of Narmada river in Gujarat, passing through Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu. Highest peak in the Western Ghats reaches up to 2695 meters above mean sea level (msl).
The Western Ghats are considered a unique biological hotspot with many endemic plants and animals. Western Ghats encompasses two biosphere reserves, fourteen national parks and many wildlife sanctuaries, but these protected areas constitute only seven percent of the total area.